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Zhuge Liang (Kong Ming):
The Original "Hidden Dragon"


(Part 2)
Portrait of Zhuge Liang

This is continuation of our study of Zhuge Liang. Part one concentrated on the background and military of strategy of Zhuge Liang.

Zhuge Liang Non-military Achievements

Besides his military and engineering achievements, as the Prime Minister of the Shu Han kingdom Zhuge Liang rigorously pushed for law enforcement, adopted strict disciplinary measures, and meted out impartial rewards and punishments. This effected new development of its agriculture and handicraft industries, thus increasing the strength of the kingdom.

Another engaging quality of Zhuge Liang was his sincere belief in having a quality relationship with the people around him.

"Opportunistic relationship can hardly be kept constant. The acquaintance of honorable people, even at a distance, does not add flowers in times of warmth and does not change its leaves in times of cold: it continues unfading through the four seasons, becoming increasingly stable as it passes through ease and danger."

My favorite quality of Zhuge Liang was his constant emphasis on the importance of self-cultivation of the people around him. Also his devotion to his duty endeared him to Liu Bei and people around.

Those qualities and his numerous achievements made Zhuge Liang the embodiment of wisdom and intelligence to Lui Bei, his countrymen, and many generations of Chinese scholars.

Other Zhuge Liang Trivia

  • Zhuge Liang was also known as Marquis Wu or Zhuge Wu Hou

  • Before a battle was fought, Zhuge Liang would visit the proposed area of combat years before any battle had even transpired
    During the visit, he would investigate the physical features and the natural timing for that terrain and the disposition and the power of both sides at that terrain. If a battle was fought, understanding the way to advance and withdraw from that terrain, determining what are the resources of both sides at that time.

  • When leading a field army to the battle site, he would always ride in a four-wheeled carriage

  • Stories tell of Zhuge Liang viewing a battle and calling out the tactical movements of his army from the top plateau of a very high mountain

  • Zhuge Liang was said to always dress as a Taoist hermit, carrying a white feathered fan
    It has been said that there were old Chinese benevolent associations that would honor the memory of Zhuge Liang by nicknaming their advisor the "White Fan"

  • The area where Zhuge Liang trained his army can still be found in the Chongqing region of Fengjie County

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